Practice of Medicine: Nutritional Disorders
- Modules 6
- Quizzes 6
- Duration 4.5 hours
- Language English
Module 1A :Biomolecules & Nutrition
This module is designed to acquaint the learner with the basic biochemistry of nutrition. Biomolecules like Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, nucleotides, amino acids and vitamins along with minerals have been explained highlighting their biochemistry and structure with the role that each one of them plays in the process of nutrition.
Module 1B :Physiology of Nutrition
This module aims to revise the basic physiology of nutrition bringing into light the concept of balanced diet along with the metabolism of the different nutrients which constitute balanced diet. The final part of the module gives the recommended dietary allowances of various nutrients summarized in the form of a table.
Module 2 :Energy Imbalance
This module describes the concept of energy equilibrium in the body and details the consequences of an imbalance between the energy intake and the energy expended. This is followed by a detailed description of the disorders of quantitative deficiency and excess of nutrients providing us energy, that is, carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Terms like undernutrition, over nutrition and malnutrition have been described taking into account the conditions that the learner might have to deal with in his practice. The conditions of undernutrition include- starvation, hospitalization, artificial nutrition and intestinal failure while obesity has been described as over nutrition and malnutrition includes protein energy malnutrition highlighting Kwashiorkor and Marasmus. The module further talks about qualitative assessment of carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
Module 3 :Micronutrients & their Disorders
After briefly describing the micronutrients in a balanced diet, this module delves into vitamins classifying them into fat soluble and water soluble and highlighting the deficiencies and toxicities of each one of them.
Module 4 :Minerals & Their Disorders
This module describes Minerals classifying them into major minerals, Trace elements and trace contaminants emphasizing upon the role of each mineral in diet with the consequences of its deficiency and toxicity in the body. The module also includes the latest recommended dietary allowance of each mineral in different age groups as per the WHO.
Module 5 : Clinical Aspect of Nutritional Disorders
This module covers the clinical aspect of nutritional diseases and disorders by acquainting the learner with the procedure of clinical examination of a case of nutritional disorder, assessment of nutritional status in those suspected of suffering from a nutritional disorder and the investigations required in such cases.
- Module 1A :Biomolecules & Nutrition
The subject of Nutritional Disorders has been dealt with in depth bringing into light key aspects of the vast science of nutrition. The chapter begins with a recap of the physiology of nutrition and that is followed by a module on energy imbalance which highlights the qualitative and quantitative assessment of different nutrients along with the disorders which result from a qualitative or quantitative disturbance in those nutrients. Following this module, are separate modules on micronutrients, vitamins to be specific and minerals with their disorders and deficiencies. The last module deals with the clinical aspect of nutrition emphasizing upon the clinical examination, assessment and investigation of a case of nutritional disorder. A bonus module on Biomolecules starts this chapter and aims to acquaint the learners with the basic biochemistry of nutrients.
- As per the WHO, 1.9 billion adults are overweight or obese, while 462 million are underweight. 47 million children under 5 years of age are wasted, 14.3 million are severely wasted and 144 million are stunted, while 38.3 million are overweight or obese. Around 45% of deaths among children under 5 years of age are linked to undernutrition. It is thus important for budding physicians to grasp the concepts of nutrition and nutritional disorders so that they are able to deal with them efficiently.
- Undergraduates must be well acquainted with the concepts of the science of nutrition as nutrition forms the basis of human life.
Beneficiaries: UG/PG Students
- The course deals with all aspects of the science of Nutrition which a learner requires to grasp. These concepts include- biomolecules, physiology of nutrition, disorders of energy balance, deficiencies and toxicities of macronutrients and micronutrients along with their management.
- The learner gets to learn the clinical aspect of Nutritional Disorderssuch as clinical examination, assessment and investigations which enable him to deal with nutritional disorders in his practice.